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Chilembwe opposed the recruitment of the Nyasan people to fight what he considered to be a war totally unconnected to them. He promoted a form of Christian pacifism and argued that the lack of civil rights for Africans in the colonial system should exempt them from the duties of military service. In November 1914, following reports of large loss of life during fighting at Karonga, Chilembwe wrote a letter to The Nyasaland Times in Blantyre, explicitly appealing to the colonial authorities not to recruit black troops:
As I hear that, war has broken out between you and other nations, only whitemen, I request, therefore, not to recruit more of my countrymen, my brothers who do not know the cause of your fight, who indeed, have nothing to do with it ... It is better to recruit white planters, traders, missionaries and other white settlers in the country, who are, indeed, of much value and who also know the cause of this war and have something to do with it ... (original syntax and grammar) Preparations for the uprising had begun by the end of 1914. Exactly what Chilembwe's objectives were remains unclear but some contemporaries believed that he planned to make himself "King of Nyasaland". He soon acquired a military textbook and began to organise his followers and wider support. In particular, he formed close ties with Filipo Chinyama in Ncheu, 110 miles (180 km) to the north-west and received his assurance that he would also mobilise his followers to join the rebellion when it broke out.
The colonial authorities received two warnings that a revolt was imminent. A disaffected follower of Chilembwe reported the preacher's "worrying intentions" to Philip Mitchell, a colonial civil servant (and future governor of Uganda and Kenya), in August 1914. A Catholic mission was also warned but neither took any action. During the night of Saturday 23–24 January, the rebels met at the Mission church in Mbombwe, where Chilembwe gave a speech stressing that none of them should expect to survive the reprisals that would follow the revolt but that the uprising would draw greater attention to their conditions and destabilise the colonial system. This, Chilembwe believed, was the only way change would ever occur.
A contingent of rebels was sent to Blantyre and Limbe, about 15 miles (24 km) to the south, where most of the white colonists lived and where the insurgents hoped to capture the African Lakes Company's store of weapons. Another group headed towards the Alexander Livingstone Bruce Plantation's headquarters at Magomero. Chilembwe sent a messenger to Ncheu to alert Chinyama that the rebellion was starting.

投稿日時 - 2019-09-28 19:12:27

QNo.9661543

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>Chilembwe opposed the recruitment of the Nyasan people to fight what he considered to be a war totally unconnected to them. He promoted a form of Christian pacifism and argued that the lack of civil rights for Africans in the colonial system should exempt them from the duties of military service. In November 1914, following reports of large loss of life during fighting at Karonga, Chilembwe wrote a letter to The Nyasaland Times in Blantyre, explicitly appealing to the colonial authorities not to recruit black troops:
⇒チレンブエは、彼ら(原住民)とは全く関係がないと考える戦争を戦うためにニヤサ族(アフリカ南東部)の人々を募集することに反対した。彼はキリスト教の平和主義の形態を促進し、植民地制度においてはアフリカ人の公民権がないのだから、(それなら)兵役の義務からも免除されるべきであると主張した。1914年11月、カロンガでの戦闘中に大勢の命が失われたという報告を受けて、チレンブエはブランチレにある「ニヤサランド タイムズ紙」に手紙を書き、植民地当局に黒人部隊を募集しないよう明確に訴えた。

>As I hear that, war has broken out between you and other nations, only whitemen, I request, therefore, not to recruit more of my countrymen, my brothers who do not know the cause of your fight, who indeed, have nothing to do with it ... It is better to recruit white planters, traders, missionaries and other white settlers in the country, who are, indeed, of much value and who also know the cause of this war and have something to do with it ... (original syntax and grammar) Preparations for the uprising had begun by the end of 1914.
⇒私の聞くところでは、この戦争はあなた方と他の国々、(つまり)白人だけの間で起こったものなので、あなた方の戦いの原因を知らない私の同胞、私の兄弟をこれ以上募集しないよう要請します、実際には何の関係もない人たちなのですから…。それは、実際に有用であり、この戦争の原因を知っており、それと関係を持つ白人の農民、貿易関係者、宣教師、および他の白人入植者を募集する方がいい(はず)です…(構文と文法は原文のママ)。暴動の準備が1914年の終わりごろに始まった。

>Exactly what Chilembwe's objectives were remains unclear but some contemporaries believed that he planned to make himself "King of Nyasaland". He soon acquired a military textbook and began to organise his followers and wider support. In particular, he formed close ties with Filipo Chinyama in Ncheu, 110 miles (180 km) to the north-west and received his assurance that he would also mobilise his followers to join the rebellion when it broke out.
⇒チレンブエの目的は正確には不明のままだが、一部の同時代人は彼が自分を「ニヤサランドの王」にするつもりだと信じた。彼はすぐに軍事用教科書を手に入れて、信者や幅広い支援層を組織し始めた。特に、彼は北西110マイル(180キロ)のンチェウにいるフィリポ・チニャマと緊密な関係を築き、暴動が起きたときには反乱軍に参加するためにその信者を動員するという保証も受けた。

>The colonial authorities received two warnings that a revolt was imminent. A disaffected follower of Chilembwe reported the preacher's "worrying intentions" to Philip Mitchell, a colonial civil servant (and future governor of Uganda and Kenya), in August 1914. A Catholic mission was also warned but neither took any action. During the night of Saturday 23–24 January, the rebels met at the Mission church in Mbombwe, where Chilembwe gave a speech stressing that none of them should expect to survive the reprisals that would follow the revolt but that the uprising would draw greater attention to their conditions and destabilise the colonial system. This, Chilembwe believed, was the only way change would ever occur.
⇒植民地当局は、反乱が差し迫っていることを告げる2つの警告を受け取った。不満を抱いたチレンブエの信者は、1914年8月に説教者の「心配な意図」を植民地の公務員(およびウガンダとケニアの将来の知事)であるフィリップ・ミッチェルに報告した。1月23-24日の土曜日の夜、反乱軍はムボンブエの教会で会合した。チレンブエは、反乱に続く報復を生き延びることを期待してはならないが、蜂起によって植民地システムの条件に注目が集まり、それを弱体化するはずだと強調した。これが、変化を起こさせる唯一の方法である、とチレンブエは信じていた。

>A contingent of rebels was sent to Blantyre and Limbe, about 15 miles (24 km) to the south, where most of the white colonists lived and where the insurgents hoped to capture the African Lakes Company's store of weapons. Another group headed towards the Alexander Livingstone Bruce Plantation's headquarters at Magomero. Chilembwe sent a messenger to Ncheu to alert Chinyama that the rebellion was starting.
⇒約15マイル(24キロ)南のブランタイアとリンベに、反乱軍の部隊が派遣された。そこは、ほとんどの白人入植者が住んでいるところであり、反乱軍は「アフリカン レイクス社」の武器庫を収奪したいと考えていた。別のグループは、マゴメロにあるアレクサンダー・リビングストン・ブルース農園の本部に向かった。チレンブエは、伝令をンチュウに送り、チニャマに反乱が始まったことを警告した。

投稿日時 - 2019-09-30 23:18:02

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2019-10-03 18:38:59

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