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Although Königsberg had suffered no hits or casualties, Looff's plans to continue the offensive were soon cut short. One of her main engines failed. The British were watching the port of Dar es Salaam so she had to return to the Rufiji River delta to await the overland transport of spare parts. The British soon discovered Königsberg's location and blockaded her. They damaged her beyond repair in the Battle of Rufiji Delta when they were able to bring up the monitors HMS Mersey and Severn that July.

The Battle of Flirey (French: 1re Bataille de Flirey) was a First World War battle fought from 19 September – 11 October 1914. It resulted in a German victory against the French army. The battle cut most of the roads and railways to the strategically important Fortified Region of Verdun (Région Fortifiée de Verdun [RFV]) and was to have a large effect on the course of the war. The Woëvre Plain stretches from the city of Luxemburg, south to the French city of Toul and has been a common route of attack between Germany and France. The plain is flanked on the western side by a series of mountain ranges (the Hauts de Meuse) along the Meuse River and along the eastern side by a series of mountain ranges along the Moselle River. A series of German fortifications were built before the war, along the Moselle (especially around the city of Metz), while across the border, a matching set of French fortifications was established along the Meuse around Verdun and Toul.
In the first months of the First World War, the Oberste Heeresleitung (OHL: German High Command) were the first ones to realise the increased effectiveness that artillery and machine-guns gave to the defence and seized various terrain features that would be easy to defend. Recognising that it is easier to defend the heights alongside the Meuse (as opposed to the plain between the Moselle and Meuse), a German attack was planned to seize the heights, to deny access to the Woëvre Plain to the Allies, isolate Verdun and reduce the ability of the French to attack German territory. The attack commenced on 19 September, with German cavalry from Metz skirmishing with the French defenders in the Dieulouard–Martincourt area. Flirey, the woods around the village and Seicheprey were quickly captured. French reinforcements arrived on 22 September but could not stop the Germans from advancing.

投稿日時 - 2019-05-26 01:44:23

QNo.9620117

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>Although Königsberg had suffered no hits or casualties, Looff's plans to continue the offensive were soon cut short. One of her main engines failed. The British were watching the port of Dar es Salaam so she had to return to the Rufiji River delta to await the overland transport of spare parts. The British soon discovered Königsberg's location and blockaded her. They damaged her beyond repair in the Battle of Rufiji Delta when they were able to bring up the monitors HMS Mersey and Severn that July.
⇒ケーニヒスベルク号は何の被弾も負傷者も被らなかったが、攻撃を続けるというルーフの計画は間もなく中断された。艦の主力エンジンの1つが故障した。英国軍はダル・エス・サラーム港を監視していたので、艦は予備部品の陸上輸送を待つためにルフィジ川デルタに戻らなければならなかった。英国軍はすぐにケーニヒスベルク号の位置を発見し、艦を封鎖した。彼らは、モニター艦HMSマーシー号とセバーン号が出動させることができた7月、「ルフィジ・デルタの戦い」で敵艦の修理以上の損害を与えた。

>The Battle of Flirey (French: 1re Bataille de Flirey) was a First World War battle fought from 19 September – 11 October 1914. It resulted in a German victory against the French army. The battle cut most of the roads and railways to the strategically important Fortified Region of Verdun (Région Fortifiée de Verdun [RFV]) and was to have a large effect on the course of the war. The Woëvre Plain stretches from the city of Luxemburg, south to the French city of Toul and has been a common route of attack between Germany and France.
⇒「フリレイの戦い」(フランス語:1re Bataille de Flirey)は、1914年9月19日-10月11日に行われた第一次世界大戦中の一戦であった。それはフランス軍に対するドイツ軍の勝利をもたらした。この戦闘では、戦略的に重要なヴェルダン要塞地域(RFV)への道路と鉄道の大部分が切断されて、戦争の過程に大きな影響が与えられることになった。ウォブル平原はルクセンブルク市から南の、フランスのツール市まで広がっており、ドイツとフランスの間で共通の攻撃経路となっている。

>The plain is flanked on the western side by a series of mountain ranges (the Hauts de Meuse) along the Meuse River and along the eastern side by a series of mountain ranges along the Moselle River. A series of German fortifications were built before the war, along the Moselle (especially around the city of Metz), while across the border, a matching set of French fortifications was established along the Meuse around Verdun and Toul.
⇒平野の西側には、ムーズ川に沿った一連の山脈(オー・ド・ムーズ)があり、東側にもモーゼル川に沿った一連の山脈がある。戦前にはモーゼル川沿い(特にメッツ市周辺)に一連のドイツ軍要塞が建設されたが、国境を越えたところではヴェルダンとトゥール周辺のムーズ川沿いにフランス軍要塞群が構築されていた。

>In the first months of the First World War, the Oberste Heeresleitung (OHL: German High Command) were the first ones to realise the increased effectiveness that artillery and machine-guns gave to the defence and seized various terrain features that would be easy to defend. Recognising that it is easier to defend the heights alongside the Meuse (as opposed to the plain between the Moselle and Meuse), a German attack was planned to seize the heights, to deny access to the Woëvre Plain to the Allies, isolate Verdun and reduce the ability of the French to attack German territory.
⇒第一次世界大戦の最初の数か月間にドイツ軍最高司令部(OHL)は、砲兵と機関銃が防衛に与える有効性の向上を認識し、防御しやすい様々な地形機能をつかんだ(戦略司令部の)第一陣となった。ドイツ軍の攻撃陣は(モーゼルとミューズの間の平野とは対照的に)ミューズと並ぶ高地を守ることがより容易であることを認識して高地を掌握し、ヴェーヴル平野への接近を拒否し、ヴェルダンを隔離してドイツ軍領土を攻撃するフランス軍の能力を減少させるような計画を練った。

>The attack commenced on 19 September, with German cavalry from Metz skirmishing with the French defenders in the Dieulouard–Martincourt area. Flirey, the woods around the village and Seicheprey were quickly captured. French reinforcements arrived on 22 September but could not stop the Germans from advancing.
⇒この攻撃は、メッツから来たドイツ軍騎兵隊とデュールアール‐マルタンクール地域のフランス軍守備隊との間の小競り合いをもって、9月19日に始まった。フリレイ、村の周囲の森、およびセイシェプリーが速やかに攻略された。フランス軍の増援隊が9月22日に到着したが、ドイツ軍の進軍を食い止めることはできなかった。

投稿日時 - 2019-05-31 09:19:51

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2019-05-31 23:58:09

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