On 15 October, the cavalry was ordered to reconnoitre the Lys from Estaires to Menin. Estaires was captured by French cavalry but German defences prevented an advance beyond Comines, 5.5 miles (8.9 km) west of Menin, where advanced guards of the German XIX and XIII Corps had arrived during the night. A foothold was gained at Warneton and German outposts at Houthen and Hollebeke, west of the Ypres–Comines canal, were pushed back to the far side. By the end of 15 October, the Cavalry Corps and the 3rd Cavalry Division held the Lys river from Armentières to Comines and the Comines canal to Ypres. The BEF was ordered to make a general advance on 16 October, as the German forces were falling back, except for III Reserve Corps, which was advancing westwards from Antwerp. The cavalry were ordered to cross the Lys between Armentières and Menin as the III Corps advanced north-east, to clear the way for the cavalry and gain touch with the 7th Division near Ypres. The cavalry advanced towards the Lys between Houplines and Comines at 6:00 a.m. in fog, which grounded Royal Flying Corps (RFC) reconnaissance aircraft and made artillery support impossible. The river was a muddy stream 45–60 feet (14–18 m) wide and 5 feet (1.5 m) deep at that point, flanked by water meadows. The banks of the Lys were cut by boggy streams and dykes, which kept the cavalry on the roads. German outposts were pushed back but the crossings were well-defended and dismounted cavalry attacks were not able to dislodge the German defenders. Cavalry which got to Warneton town square, were withdrawn during the night. The attack was resumed on 18 October, when the cavalry attacked from Deûlémont to Tenbrielen but made no progress against a strong and well-organised German defence, ending the day opposite Deûlémont in the south to the railway at Tenbrielen to the north. From 9–18 October, the Cavalry Corps had c. 175 casualties. A German attack threatened the left flank of the 1st Cavalry Division (Major-General Beauvoir De Lisle), which held its position on Messines Ridge despite substantial casualties. The 3rd Cavalry Brigade of the 2nd Cavalry Division was shelled out of its positions at Kortewilde and the line was withdrawn to Hollebeke Château. Confusion over the orders, meant the units interpreted the order from Gough to retreat to this new line as an order for a general retreat beyond Hollebeke Château. Once this was realised, Gough ordered an immediate counter-thrust to recapture lost ground. The attack succeeded with little loss, against the German Cavalry Corps. Lieutenant-General Gustav von Hollen, given command of the Cavalry Corps after his performance commanding German IV Cavalry Corps on 20 October, was dismissed and replaced by General Georg von der Marwitz. The 6th Cavalry Brigade and the 7th Division moved to cover the gap that threatened the left flank.

投稿日時 - 2019-04-11 02:45:14




>On 15 October, ~ advancing westwards from Antwerp.

>The cavalry were ordered ~ withdrawn during the night.
⇒第III軍団が北東に進んだとき、騎兵隊は、アルマンティエールとメニンの間でリィスを渡って道を開き、イープル近くの第7師団と接触する連絡をつけるように命じられた。騎兵隊は午前6時、霧の中でウプリンとコミーヌの間のリィスに向かって前進した。霧のせいで、王立航空隊(RFC)の偵察機は駐機したままで、砲兵隊支援が不可能になったからであった。川はその時点で幅45-60フィート(14-18 m)、深さ5フィート(1.5 m)の泥だらけの流れで、湿った雑草地がそれに沿っていた。リィスの堤防は湿地帯の小川と堤によって切断されていたので、騎兵隊は路上に留まらざるを得なかった。ドイツ軍の前哨基地は押し戻されたが、交差地点は十分に防御されており、下馬した騎兵攻撃隊もドイツ軍の防衛隊を追い払うことはできなかった。ワルネトンの町の広場に着いた騎兵隊は、夜中に撤退した。

>The attack was resumed ~ withdrawn to Hollebeke Château.

>Confusion over the orders, ~ that threatened the left flank.

投稿日時 - 2019-04-20 00:21:12



投稿日時 - 2019-04-20 14:47:50