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Twelve divisions were involved in the attack on a 14,000 yd (13,000 m) front. The original plan was to have the I Anzac Corps relieved after the Battle of Polygon Wood but the corps had fewer casualties and was fresher than expected and it remained in the front line.
The IX Corps was to attack with the 37th Division in the area beyond Tower Hamlets, south of the Ypres–Menin road, the X Corps was to attack with the Fifth Division in the Reutelbeek valley, the 21st Division and Seventh Division on a 1,400 yd (1,300 m) front further north up to Polygon Wood, to take Reutel and the ground overlooking the village. The two right flanking corps had 972 field guns and howitzers supported by 417 heavy and medium pieces. In the I Anzac Corps area, the 1st Australian Division objectives required an advance of 1,200–1,800 yd (1,100–1,600 m), the 2nd Australian Division 1,800–1,900 yd (1,600–1,700 m) on 1,000 yd (910 m) fronts. In the II Anzac Corps area, the 3rd Australian Division objectives were 1,900–2,100 yd (1,700–1,900 m) deep, also on a 1,000 yd (910 m) frontage and the New Zealand Division objectives were 1,000 yd (910 m) deep on a 2,000 yd (1,800 m) front. The first objective (red line) for the Anzac divisions was set just short of the crest of Broodseinde Ridge and the final objective (blue line) another 200–400 yd (180–370 m) beyond. The flanking corps conformed to this depth of advance and also attacked with one battalion for the first objective per brigade and two for the final objective, except in the II Anzac Corps, where two intermediate objectives were set for the 3rd Australian Division because of the state of the ground, with a battalion of each brigade for each objective.
The artillery plan had the first belt of creeping barrage beginning 150 yd (140 m) beyond the jumping-off tapes. After three minutes the barrage was to creep forward by 100 yd (91 m) lifts in four minutes for 200 yd (180 m), when the machine-gun barrage would begin, then every six minutes to the protective line, 200 yd (180 m) beyond first objective. During the pause the barrage was to move 1,000 yd (910 m) further to hit German counter-attacks and then suddenly return.

投稿日時 - 2017-09-04 21:37:22

QNo.9370971

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>Twelve divisions were involved in the attack on a 14,000 yd (13,000 m) front. The original plan was to have the I Anzac Corps relieved after the Battle of Polygon Wood but the corps had fewer casualties and was fresher than expected and it remained in the front line.
⇒12個師団が14,000ヤード(13,000m)の前線での攻撃に関わった。当初の計画では、「ポリゴン・ウッドの戦い」の後に第Iアンザック軍団を救援してもらうことになっていたが、アンザック軍団では死傷者数がより少なく、予期したより活力があったのでそのまま前線にとどまった。

>The IX Corps was to attack with the 37th Division in the area beyond Tower Hamlets, south of the Ypres–Menin road, the X Corps was to attack with the Fifth Division in the Reutelbeek valley, the 21st Division and Seventh Division on a 1,400 yd (1,300 m) front further north up to Polygon Wood, to take Reutel and the ground overlooking the village. The two right flanking corps had 972 field guns and howitzers supported by 417 heavy and medium pieces.
⇒第IX軍団は、第37師団をもってイープル-メニン道のタワー・ハムレッツを越えた地域を攻撃することになっていた。第X軍団は、第5師団をもってリューテルベーク渓谷を、第21師団と第7師団をもってポリゴン・ウッド北の前線1,400ヤード(1,300m)を攻撃することになっていたが、それはリューテルと、村を見渡す地面を奪取するためであった。右側面の2個軍団は、972門の野戦砲と曲射砲を備え、417門の重・中間砲による支援を受けていた。

>In the I Anzac Corps area, the 1st Australian Division objectives required an advance of 1,200–1,800 yd (1,100–1,600 m), the 2nd Australian Division 1,800–1,900 yd (1,600–1,700 m) on 1,000 yd (910 m) fronts. In the II Anzac Corps area, the 3rd Australian Division objectives were 1,900–2,100 yd (1,700–1,900 m) deep, also on a 1,000 yd (910 m) frontage and the New Zealand Division objectives were 1,000 yd (910 m) deep on a 2,000 yd (1,800 m) front.
⇒第Iアンザック軍団地域においては、第1オーストラリア師団の標的は1,200-1,800ヤード(1,100-1,600m)の進軍を要し、第2オーストラリア師団のそれは1,000ヤード(910m)の前線上で1,800-1,900ヤード(1,600-1,700m)の進軍を要した。第IIアンザック軍団地域では、第3オーストラリア師団の標的は1,900-2,100ヤード(1,700-1,900m)の深みがあり、また正面幅は1,000ヤード(910m)であった。そして、ニュージーランド師団の標的は、1,000ヤード(910m)の深さと、2,000ヤード(1,800m)の間口幅があった。

>The first objective (red line) for the Anzac divisions was set just short of the crest of Broodseinde Ridge and the final objective (blue line) another 200–400 yd (180–370 m) beyond. The flanking corps conformed to this depth of advance and also attacked with one battalion for the first objective per brigade and two for the final objective, except in the II Anzac Corps, where two intermediate objectives were set for the 3rd Australian Division because of the state of the ground, with a battalion of each brigade for each objective.
⇒アンザック師団の第1標的(赤線部)は、ちょうどブルードサインデ・リッジの頂上の手前に設定され、そして、最終標的(青線部)はさらに200-400ヤード(180-370m)向こうに設定されていた。この進軍路線に側面を接している軍団もまた、第1標的のための1個大隊、最終標的のための1個ないし2個旅団ととともに攻撃した。ただ、第IIアンザック軍団は別で、そこでは2か所の中間標的が、地面の状態のため、個々の標的あたり各旅団の1個大隊とともに、第3オーストラリア師団にも課された。

>The artillery plan had the first belt of creeping barrage beginning 150 yd (140 m) beyond the jumping-off tapes. After three minutes the barrage was to creep forward by 100 yd (91 m) lifts in four minutes for 200 yd (180 m), when the machine-gun barrage would begin, then every six minutes to the protective line, 200 yd (180 m) beyond first objective. During the pause the barrage was to move 1,000 yd (910 m) further to hit German counter-attacks and then suddenly return.
⇒砲撃計画は、纏いつく集中砲火を始める最初の地帯を、出発の線引き部分から150ヤード(140m)越えたところとしていた。その3分後に集中砲火が前方に纏いつき、4分に100ヤード(91m)ずつ砲身を上げて200ヤード(180m)進む。そのとき機関銃掃射の集中砲火を始め、それから、第1標的を200ヤード(180m)過ぎて、6分ごとに保護戦線へ(近づくように動く)。休止の間に、集中砲火は1,000ヤード(910m)遠くまで進んでドイツ軍の反撃を叩き、そして突然引き返すこととした。

投稿日時 - 2017-09-09 23:05:44

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-09-09 23:20:33

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