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The Battle of Langemarck from 16–18 August 1917, was the second Allied general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres, during the First World War. The battle took place near Ypres in Belgian Flanders, on the Western Front against the German 4th Army. The French France had a big success on the northern flank and the main British gain of ground occurred near Langemark, adjacent to the French. The Allied attack succeeded from Langemarck to Drie Grachten (Three Canals) but early advances in the south on the Gheluvelt Plateau, were forced back by powerful German counter-attacks.
Both sides were hampered by rain, which had a greater effect on the British and French, who occupied lower-lying areas and advanced onto ground which had been frequently and severely bombarded. The effect of the battle, the unseasonable August downpours and the successful but costly German defence of the Gheluvelt Plateau during the rest of August, which the British attacked several times, led the British to stop the offensive for three weeks. The ground dried in early September, as the British rebuilt roads and tracks for supply, transferred more artillery from the armies further south and revised further their tactics. The British shifted the main offensive effort southwards, which led to the three big British successes on the Gheluvelt Plateau on 20, 26 September and 4 October.

Strategic background
See also: Battle of Hill 70
Artillery preparation for the Second Battle of Verdun, in support of the Allied offensive in Flanders, which had been delayed from mid-July, began on an 11 mi (18 km) front on 20 August after an eight-day bombardment. Mort Homme and Hill 304 were recaptured and 10,000 prisoners taken. The German army was not able to counter-attack the French, because the Eingreif divisions had been sent to Flanders. Fighting at Verdun continued into September, adding to the pressure on the German army. The Battle of Hill 70 (15–25 August), on the outskirts of Lens on the British First Army front, was fought by the Canadian Corps.

Langemarck : ランゲマルク

投稿日時 - 2017-07-09 12:40:15

QNo.9349980

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>The Battle of Langemarck from 16–18 August 1917, was the second Allied general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres, during the First World War. The battle took place near Ypres in Belgian Flanders, on the Western Front against the German 4th Army. The French France had a big success on the northern flank and the main British gain of ground occurred near Langemark, adjacent to the French. The Allied attack succeeded from Langemarck to Drie Grachten (Three Canals) but early advances in the south on the Gheluvelt Plateau, were forced back by powerful German counter-attacks.
⇒1917年8月16-18日の「ランゲマルクの戦い」は、第1次世界大戦間の「第3次イープルの戦い」における連合国軍の第2次総攻撃であった。戦いは、ドイツ軍第4方面軍に対する西部戦線上の、ベルギーはフランドルの、イープル近くで起こった。フランスのフランス軍は北の側面で大成功を収め、英国軍の主力はフランス軍と隣接するランゲマルク近くの地面を獲得した。連合国軍の攻撃は、ランゲマルクからドライ・グラフテン(3本の運河)まで成功したけれども、ゲルヴェルト高原南での早期進軍は、ドイツ軍の強力な反撃によって推し戻された。

>Both sides were hampered by rain, which had a greater effect on the British and French, who occupied lower-lying areas and advanced onto ground which had been frequently and severely bombarded. The effect of the battle, the unseasonable August downpours and the successful but costly German defence of the Gheluvelt Plateau during the rest of August, which the British attacked several times, led the British to stop the offensive for three weeks. The ground dried in early September, as the British rebuilt roads and tracks for supply, transferred more artillery from the armies further south and revised further their tactics. The British shifted the main offensive effort southwards, which led to the three big British successes on the Gheluvelt Plateau on 20, 26 September and 4 October.
⇒両軍とも、雨によって妨げられた。英国軍もフランス軍大きな影響を受けたが、それは彼らが低地の広がりを占拠し、しかも頻繁にかつ厳しく砲撃された地面上を進軍したからであった。英国軍が数回攻撃した8月の残り期間におけるゲルヴェルト高原の戦い、季節外れの8月のどしゃ降り、および成功したとはいえ高くついたドイツ軍による防御などの影響で、英国軍は3週間の間攻勢を止める気になった。地面は9月初めに乾燥し、英国軍への供給のための道路と小道が再建され、より多くの大砲が軍隊からさらに南へ移され、彼らの戦術がより念入りに改善された。英国軍は主要な攻勢の奮闘先を南へ移行した。それは、9月20日、26日、および10月4日のゲルヴェルト高原で英国軍による3回の大成功をもたらした。

>Strategic background See also: Battle of Hill 70
Artillery preparation for the Second Battle of Verdun, in support of the Allied offensive in Flanders, which had been delayed from mid-July, began on an 11 mi (18 km) front on 20 August after an eight-day bombardment. Mort Homme and Hill 304 were recaptured and 10,000 prisoners taken. The German army was not able to counter-attack the French, because the Eingreif divisions had been sent to Flanders. Fighting at Verdun continued into September, adding to the pressure on the German army. The Battle of Hill 70 (15–25 August), on the outskirts of Lens on the British First Army front, was fought by the Canadian Corps.
⇒戦略の背景
(「70番ヒルの戦い」も参照されたい) 
フランドルにおける連合国軍の攻勢を支持するための「第2次ヴェルダンの戦い」への砲兵隊準備が7月半ばから遅れていたが、それが8日間にわたる砲撃後の8月20日に11マイル(18キロ)前線上から始まった。モール・オムと304番ヒルを再攻略し、10,000人の囚人を捕縛した。アイングリーフ師団がフランドルに派遣されていたので、ドイツ軍隊はフランス軍に反撃することが不可能だった。ヴェルダンでの戦いは9月に入っても続き、ドイツ方面軍に対する圧力を追加した。「70番ヒルの戦い」(8月15-25日)は、英国第1方面軍の前線上のレンズ郊外で、カナダ軍団によって行われた。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-12 13:23:15

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-12 22:19:46

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