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Casualties in the 33rd Division were so great that it was relieved on 27 September by the 23rd Division, which had only been withdrawn on the night of 24/25 September.

Battle of Polygon Wood ポリゴンの森の戦い


Australian infantry with small box respirator gas masks, Ypres, September 1917
The Second Army altered its Corps frontages soon after the attack of 20 September, for the next effort (26 September – 3 October) so that each attacking division could be concentrated on a 1,000 yards (910 m) front. Roads and light railways were extended to the new front line, to allow artillery and ammunition to be moved forward. The artillery of VIII Corps and IX Corps on the southern flank, simulated preparations for attacks on Zandvoorde and Warneton. At 5.50 a.m. on 26 September, five layers of barrage fired by British artillery and machine-guns began. Dust and smoke thickened the morning mist and the infantry advanced using compass bearings. Each of the three German ground-holding divisions attacked on 26 September, had an Eingreif division in support, twice the ratio of 20 September. No ground captured by the British was lost and German counter-attacks managed only to reach ground to which survivors of the front-line divisions had retired.

Battle of Broodseinde ブルードサインデの戦い

The Battle of Broodseinde (4 October), was the last assault launched by Plumer in good weather. The operation aimed to complete the capture of the Gheluvelt Plateau and occupy Broodseinde Ridge. The Germans sought to recapture their defences around Zonnebeke, with a methodical counter-attack also to begin on 4 October. The British attacked along a 14,000 yards (13,000 m) front and by coincidence, Australian troops from I Anzac Corps met attacking troops from the German 45th Reserve Division in no man's land when Operation Hohensturm commenced simultaneously. The Germans had reinforced their front line to delay the British capture of their forward positions, until Eingreif divisions could intervene, which put more German troops into the area most vulnerable to British artillery. The British inflicted devastating casualties on the 4th Army divisions opposite.

投稿日時 - 2017-06-08 22:47:38

QNo.9338951

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>Casualties in the 33rd Division were so great that it was relieved on 27 September by the 23rd Division, which had only been withdrawn on the night of 24/25 September.
⇒第33師団の犠牲者があまりにも甚大だったので、9月27日に第23師団の救援を仰いだが、この(第23)師団は、9月24/25日の夜に退却してきたばかりであった。

>Battle of Polygon Wood
Australian infantry with small box respirator gas masks, Ypres, September 1917
The Second Army altered its Corps frontages soon after the attack of 20 September, for the next effort (26 September – 3 October) so that each attacking division could be concentrated on a 1,000 yards (910 m) front. Roads and light railways were extended to the new front line, to allow artillery and ammunition to be moved forward.
⇒「ポリゴン森の戦い」
小さなガスマスクをつけたオーストラリア歩兵連隊、イープル、1917年9月
第2方面軍は、9月20日の攻撃のすぐ後、次の奮闘のために各々の攻撃師団を1,000ヤード(910m)の前線に集中させることができるように、軍団の宿営地を変更した(9月26日-10月3日)。大砲や弾薬を前方に動かすことができるように、道路と軽便鉄道が新しい最前線まで伸ばされた。

>The artillery of VIII Corps and IX Corps on the southern flank, simulated preparations for attacks on Zandvoorde and Warneton. At 5.50 a.m. on 26 September, five layers of barrage fired by British artillery and machine-guns began. Dust and smoke thickened the morning mist and the infantry advanced using compass bearings.
⇒南側面の第VIII軍団と第IX部隊の砲兵隊は、ザンドヴォールドやヴァルネトンへの攻撃に対する準備を模擬実験した。9月26日の午前5時50分、英国軍砲兵隊によって5層の集中砲火と機関銃射撃が始まった。砂塵と煙で朝霧が濃くなったので、歩兵連隊は方位計を使いながら進軍した。

>Each of the three German ground-holding divisions attacked on 26 September, had an Eingreif division in support, twice the ratio of 20 September. No ground captured by the British was lost and German counter-attacks managed only to reach ground to which survivors of the front-line divisions had retired.
⇒ドイツ軍の地面保持の3個師団の各々が9月26日に攻撃して、9月20日の比率の2倍、アイングリーフ師団を支援隊に注ぎ込んだ。英国軍によって攻略された地面は失われずに済んだので、ドイツ軍の反撃隊は最前線師団の生存者が撤退していった地面に辛うじて到達できた。

>Battle of Broodseinde
The Battle of Broodseinde (4 October), was the last assault launched by Plumer in good weather. The operation aimed to complete the capture of the Gheluvelt Plateau and occupy Broodseinde Ridge. The Germans sought to recapture their defences around Zonnebeke, with a methodical counter-attack also to begin on 4 October.
⇒「ブルードサインデの戦い」
「ブルードサインデの戦い」(10月4日)は、好天の下でプルーマーによって着手された最後の攻撃であった。この作戦活動は、ゲルヴェルト台地の攻略を完了して、ブルードサインデ尾根を占拠することを目指していた。ドイツ軍は、秩序立った反撃でゾンネベケ周辺の防衛地を取り戻そうとしていたが、10月4日に始まった反撃も秩序立っていた。

>The British attacked along a 14,000 yards (13,000 m) front and by coincidence, Australian troops from I Anzac Corps met attacking troops from the German 45th Reserve Division in no man's land when Operation Hohensturm commenced simultaneously. The Germans had reinforced their front line to delay the British capture of their forward positions, until Eingreif divisions could intervene, which put more German troops into the area most vulnerable to British artillery. The British inflicted devastating casualties on the 4th Army divisions opposite.
⇒第Iアンザック軍団から来たオーストラリア軍隊は、14,000ヤード(13,000m)の前線に沿って、中間地帯でドイツ軍の第45予備師団から来た攻撃軍隊と対戦することになったが、それはちょうど「ホーヘンシュツルム(高地の嵐)作戦」が始まったのと偶然に一致するときであった。ドイツ軍は、彼らの前線基地に対する英国軍の攻略を引き延ばすために、アイングリーフ師団が介入できるまで、英国軍からの砲撃に対して最も弱い地域にドイツ軍隊を注ぎ込んで彼らの最前線を補強していた。英国軍は、甚大な犠牲を対抗する第4方面軍師団に課した。

投稿日時 - 2017-06-15 20:33:10

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-06-15 21:22:05

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