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The Kampf battalion usually had three companies in the front system (which had three lines of breastworks called "Ia", "Ib" and "Ic") and one in the Sonne (intermediate) line (with a company of the support battalion, available for immediate counter-attack) between the front system and the Höhen (second) line on the ridge crest. The other three companies of the support battalion sheltered in the Höhen (second) line. About 32 machine-gun posts per regimental sector were dispersed around the defensive zone. The German defence was intended to be mobile and Stosstrupps in "Ic" the third breastwork, were to conduct immediate counter-attacks to recapture "Ia" and "Ib". If they had to fall back, the support battalions would advance to restore the front system, except at Spanbroekmolen Hill, which due to its importance was to be held at all costs (unbedingtes Halten).


Aerial photograph of Messines, 2 June 1917.
On 8 May, the British preliminary bombardment began and on 23 May became much heavier. The breastworks of the front defences were demolished and concrete shelters on both sides of the ridge were systematically destroyed. Air superiority allowed the British artillery observation aircraft to cruise over the German defences, despite the defensive efforts of Jagdgeschwader 1 (the Richthofen Circus). On 26 May, the German front garrisons were ordered to move forward 50 yards (46 m) into shell-holes in no-man's-land at dawn and return to their shelters at night. When the shelters were destroyed, shell-hole positions were made permanent as were those of the companies further back. Troops in the Höhen (second) line were withdrawn behind the ridge and by the end of May, the front battalions changing every two days instead of every five, due to the effect of the British bombardment.

投稿日時 - 2017-04-22 14:05:36

QNo.9320473

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>The Kampf battalion usually had three companies in the front system (which had three lines of breastworks called "Ia", "Ib" and "Ic") and one in the Sonne (intermediate) line (with a company of the support battalion, available for immediate counter-attack) between the front system and the Höhen (second) line on the ridge crest. The other three companies of the support battalion sheltered in the Höhen (second) line.
⇒カンプ大隊は、通常前線システムに3個中隊(そこには、「Ia」、「Ib」、「Ic」と呼ばれる3本の胸墻が含まれる)を擁していて、ソンの(中間)戦線は(即時の反撃に利用できる支援大隊の1個中隊をもって)、前線システムと尾根頂上のホーヘン(第2)戦線との間にあった。

>About 32 machine-gun posts per regimental sector were dispersed around the defensive zone. The German defence was intended to be mobile and Stosstrupps in "Ic" the third breastwork, were to conduct immediate counter-attacks to recapture "Ia" and "Ib". If they had to fall back, the support battalions would advance to restore the front system, except at Spanbroekmolen Hill, which due to its importance was to be held at all costs (unbedingtes Halten).
⇒1個連隊の地区につき、およそ32か所の機関銃哨戒陣地が防御地帯のまわりに分散していた。ドイツ軍防御隊は、機動隊であることが意図されていて、第3胸墻「Ic」の突撃班(Stosstrupps)は、「Ia」と「Ib」を取り戻すために、即時の反撃を実行することになっていた。もしも彼らが退却しなければならない場合は、支援大隊が前線システムを復活させるために進軍することになるだろう。ただし、シュパンブロクモレン・ヒルは別格で、これはその重要性のため、ぜひとも保持(絶対死守)しなければならなかった(ゆえに支援隊を送り出すことはしない)。

 >Aerial photograph of Messines, 2 June 1917.
>On 8 May, the British preliminary bombardment began and on 23 May became much heavier. The breastworks of the front defences were demolished and concrete shelters on both sides of the ridge were systematically destroyed. Air superiority allowed the British artillery observation aircraft to cruise over the German defences, despite the defensive efforts of Jagdgeschwader 1 (the Richthofen Circus).
 ⇒メッシネスの航空写真(1917年6月2日)。
⇒5月8日、英国の予備爆撃が始まって、5月23日に極めて激化した。前線防衛隊の胸墻は破壊されて、尾根の両側のコンクリート製の避難所が組織的に破壊された。「第1戦闘飛行中隊」(リヒトホーフェン兵団)の防御の努力にもかかわらず、制空権によって英国軍の砲兵観察航空隊はドイツ防衛隊を遊撃することができるようになった。

>On 26 May, the German front garrisons were ordered to move forward 50 yards (46 m) into shell-holes in no-man's-land at dawn and return to their shelters at night. When the shelters were destroyed, shell-hole positions were made permanent as were those of the companies further back. Troops in the Höhen (second) line were withdrawn behind the ridge and by the end of May, the front battalions changing every two days instead of every five, due to the effect of the British bombardment.
⇒5月26日に、ドイツ軍前線の駐屯軍は、夜明けに無人地帯の砲弾痕に50ヤード(46m)前進して、夜に彼らの避難所へ戻るよう命令された。避難所が破壊されたとき、砲弾痕陣地がさらに後方の中隊の陣地であるかのように永久的なものとなった。ホーヘン戦線(第2戦線)の軍隊は尾根の後方に撤退して、5月末までには、英国軍の爆撃の影響のために、前線の大隊がそれまでの5日ごとの交替を2日ごとに変えた。

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投稿日時 - 2017-04-27 20:48:55

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-04-27 22:59:44

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