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On 5 August, Joffre ordered an offensive by the VII Corps, on the right flank of the First Army, to begin on 7 August towards Mulhouse. The capture of the 2nd Army order of battle on 7 August, convinced Joffre that the strength of the German forces on the flanks had left the centre weak and vulnerable to an offensive towards Neufchâteau and Arlon. On 8 August, Joffre issued General Instruction No. 1, containing his strategic intent, which was to destroy the German army rather than capture ground. The offensive into Alsace and that by the First and Second armies into Lorraine, would pin down German forces and attract reinforcements, as the main offensive further north drove in the German centre and outflanked the German forces in Belgium from the south. Joffre expected that the attack into the German centre would meet little resistance. The First and Second armies would advance south of the German fortified area from Metz–Thionville, with the Fourth Reserve Group guarding the northern flank near Hirson, to watch the Chimay Gap and deflect a German attack from the north or east. The strategy assumed that the main German force would be deployed around Luxembourg and from Metz–Thionville, with smaller forces in Belgium. On 9 August, an intelligence report had one German active corps near Freiburg close to the Swiss border, three near Strasbourg, four in Luxembourg to the north of Thionville and six from Liège in Belgium, towards the north end of Luxembourg, which left five corps un-located. The French general staff inferred that they were between Metz-Thionville and Luxembourg, ready to advance towards Sedan or Mézières.

投稿日時 - 2016-06-20 14:13:33

QNo.9190184

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>On 5 August, Joffre ordered an offensive by the VII Corps, on the right flank of the First Army, to begin on 7 August towards Mulhouse. The capture of the 2nd Army order of battle on 7 August, convinced Joffre that the strength of the German forces on the flanks had left the centre weak and vulnerable to an offensive towards Neufchâteau and Arlon. On 8 August, Joffre issued General Instruction No. 1, containing his strategic intent, which was to destroy the German army rather than capture ground.
⇒8月5日、ジョフルは第一方面軍右側面の第七軍団に対し、ミュルーズに向って8月7日から攻撃を始めるよう命じた。ジョフルは、8月7日の戦いでの第二方面軍の戦闘の様相を把握して、ドイツ軍団は両側面で強いから、中央部のヌフシャトーやアルロンへの攻撃に対しては、弱くて負けやすいだろうと確信した。8月8日、ジョフルは、領地を攻略するよりもむしろドイツ軍の軍隊そのものを破壊するという彼の戦略的意図を盛り込んだ「将軍指令No.1」を発令した。

>The offensive into Alsace and that by the First and Second armies into Lorraine, would pin down German forces and attract reinforcements, as the main offensive further north drove in the German centre and outflanked the German forces in Belgium from the south. Joffre expected that the attack into the German centre would meet little resistance. The First and Second armies would advance south of the German fortified area from Metz–Thionville, with the Fourth Reserve Group guarding the northern flank near Hirson, to watch the Chimay Gap and deflect a German attack from the north or east.
⇒アルザスへの攻撃や、第一、第二方面軍によるロレーヌへの攻撃で、主軸攻撃隊がドイツ軍中央部の北へ突入し、南からベルギー内のドイツ軍団を側面から包囲すれば、ドイツ軍団をくぎ付けにし、強化隊を引き寄せるはずであった。ドイツ軍の中央部への攻撃は、ほとんど抵抗に遭遇しないだろう、とジョフルは予想した。第一、第二方面軍は、イルソン近くの北側面を護衛する第四予備群とともに、メッツ-ティヨンヴィルからドイツ軍の強化地域の南に進軍し、シメー峡谷を監視して北または東からのドイツ軍の攻撃を逸らすこととした。

>The strategy assumed that the main German force would be deployed around Luxembourg and from Metz–Thionville, with smaller forces in Belgium. On 9 August, an intelligence report had one German active corps near Freiburg close to the Swiss border, three near Strasbourg, four in Luxembourg to the north of Thionville and six from Liège in Belgium, towards the north end of Luxembourg, which left five corps un-located. The French general staff inferred that they were between Metz-Thionville and Luxembourg, ready to advance towards Sedan or Mézières.
⇒その戦略は、ドイツの主軸軍隊がメッツ-ティヨンヴィルからルクセンブルクあたりにかけて展開し、ベルギー内にはより小さな軍団が来るだろう、と想定した。8月9日、諜報部の報告があった。スイス国境近くのフライブルク近辺にドイツ軍の活動的な1個軍団が、ストラスブルク近辺に3個軍団が、ルクセンブルクからティヨンヴィルの北にかけて4個軍団が、ベルギーのリエージュからルクセンブルクの北端にかけて6個軍団がそれぞれ展開し、ほかに特定の位置についていない5個軍団がある、という報告であった。フランス軍の参謀本部は、彼らドイツ軍隊がメッツ-ティヨンヴィルとルクセンブルクの間にあって、セダンまたはメジエールの方向に進軍するための準備中である、と推定した。

投稿日時 - 2016-06-21 05:14:48

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2016-06-21 14:11:16

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